Machiya (町家 or 町屋) are traditional wooden-made townhouses, many found in Kyoto. Since Machiya houses are long-standing over the centuries. Nowadays, those are renovated into stylish inns, cafes, restaurants, art galleries and so on.
When we visited Kyoto, we had a lunch at one of those Machiya restaurants near Karasuma-4jou (烏丸四条), called "Shun-puann"(旬風庵). It was kind of mixture of Japanese and French dishes, using lots of well-known Kyo yasai (京野菜; special vegetables produced only in Kyoto area).
As you can see, there are Tatami mats (畳) there, so you have to take off your shoes at the door hall.
The lunch was all delicious and we enjoyed very much along with the traditional atmosphere in the Machiya. Since there are many restaurants like this one in Kyoto, you should try. I heard that the Machiya-style inns are also very nice, some of them are very exclusive and cozy due to small space but very comfy...
Temiage (手土産, 手みあげ) means a small present to give to your friends, family, relatives, etc., especially, when you are invited to someone's house, you bring this Temiage with you. In many cases, there are confections, cakes or a box of chocolate.
As for me, I usually bring this Karintou (かりんとう), the traditional Japanese sweets. This comes with a lovely vermeil round can, wrapped with a fancy paper box. Everybody I know loves this Temiage so I bring them to overseas friends, too. Karintou is crunchy and sweet in taste and it is good with a Japanese tea, coffee and/or tea.
I buy this Temiage from the very small shop, named "Tachibana”（たちばな） in Tokyo, Ginza. This small type costs 1,400yen.
The Togetsu-kyo Bridge (渡月橋) has been a landmark in Western Kyoto's Arashiyama (嵐山) District for over many years. Togetsu means the "Moon Crossing" (I think it sounds romantic). This wooden bridge spans the Katsura River (桂川) in front of Arashiyama Mountain, offering beautiful views.
We decided to take a decent break at this riverbank because we were actually very tired after loooong walk around this area. The scenery was superb and there was cool breeze from the mountain (we visited there in early October but it was unusually hot like over 30 degrees celsius.)